History of Art-Ancient Near Eastern Art

Townlike Ziggurat, White Temple in Iraq.3500-3000 BC. The ” bent-axis approach” is a fundamental characteristic of Mesopotamian religious architecture, in contrast to the straight, single axis of Egyptian temple.

The human figures: big eyes, may indicate the communication through eyes. statues from Abu Temple–

But most of Sumerian sculptures were made by addition rather than subtraction, modeled in soft materials.

Cult statue: Lilith, goddess of death, with her taloned feet standing on the back of lions;in her hands measuring ropes that signify her victims’ fate. Two Owls guarding on the left and right provoked a creeping feeling of awe. “It is no wonder that this creature, seductive yet terrifying, was later thought of as a succubus.”

Lion Hunts: Compared to the Egyptian Lion Hunt painting, the Assyrian horses are less graceful but very much more energetic ad alive as they flee from the attacking lion, their ears folded back in fear. The dying lion reliefs from Nineveh have an unforgettable tragic grandeur.




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