约翰·巴勒斯(John Burroughs)

艺术作品中,自然散文总是处于一种尴尬的位置,不是创作,也不是干巴巴的论文,阅读起来有美感,但也需要很多过硬的自然知识。

我深爱自然散文,相对于小说和议论性的作品,这些自然散文更多的是摆脱了时代性和名族乃至个人偏见。虽然自然散文多少也抒发了作者的一些哲思,但是大多以一种平和的方式去展示。

比较著名的自然散文有梭罗的《瓦尔登湖》、吉尔伯特-怀特的《塞耳彭自然史》、法布尔的《昆虫记》等等。最近偶然发现了以为很出色的自然散文家,叫做约翰·巴勒斯(John Burroughs),他的作品幽默,观察细致,有独到见解,甚少宣扬自己的价值观。正在看一本《A Year in the Fields》,真是越看越有冲动介绍给更多人知道。貌似很少中国读者知道这个作者,也暂时找不到有中译本。他的作品不少,打算一一阅读:

  • Notes on Walt Whitman as Poet and Person (1867)
  • Wake Robin (1871)
  • Winter Sunshine (1875), (travel sketches)
  • Birds and Poets (1877)
  • Locusts and Wild Honey (1879)
  • Pepacton (1881)
  • Fresh Fields (1884), (travel sketches)
  • Signs and Seasons (1886)
  • Birds and bees and other studies in nature (1896)
  • Indoor Studies (1889)
  • Riverby (1894)
  • Whitman: A Study (1896)
  • The Light of Day (1900)
  • Squirrels and Other Fur-Bearers (1900)
  • Songs of Nature (Editor) (1901)
  • John James Audubon (1902), (biography)
  • Literary Values and other Papers (1902)
  • Far and Near (1904)
  • Ways of Nature (1905)
  • Camping and Tramping with Roosevelt (1906)
  • Bird and Bough (1906), (poetry)
  • Afoot and Afloat (1907)
  • Leaf and Tendril (1908)
  • Time and Change (1912)
  • The Summit of the Years (1913)
  • The Breath of Life (1915)
  • Under the Apple-Trees (1916)
  • Field and Study (1919)
  • Accepting the Universe (1920)
  • Under the Maples (1921)
  • The Last Harvest (1922)
  • My Boyhood, with a Conclusion by His Son Julian Burroughs (1922)

Books About John Burroughs

  • Our Friend John Burroughs by Clara Barrus (Boston and New York, Houghton Mifflin Company, The Riverside Press Cambridge, 1914)
  • John Burroughs Boy and Man by Clara Barrus (Garden City New York Doubleday, Page & Company, 1920)
  • The Life and Letters of John Burroughs by Clara Barrus (Volume 1, Boston and New York, Houghton Mifflin Company, The Riverside Press Cambridge, 1925)
  • John Burroughs: An American Naturalist by Edward J. Renehan Jr. (Chelsea, VT: Chelsea Green, 1992; paperback – Hensonville, NY: Black Dome Press, 1998)
  • John Burroughs and The Place of Nature by James Perrin Warren (Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 2006)
  • John Burroughs: An American Naturalist by Edward J. Renehan, Jr. (Black Dome Press)
  • Sharp Eyes: John Burroughs and American Nature Writing edited by Charlotte Zoe Walker, ed. (Syracuse University Press)
  • The Art Of Seeing Things by John Burroughs edited by Charlotte Zoe Walker, ed. (Syracuse University Press)
  • John Burroughs: The Sage of Slabsides by Ginger Wadsworth (Clarion Books)
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